Peak Your Interest
Peak Your Interest has recommendations, information, tidbits and tips for you and your pet to enjoy during your leisure time. Keep your eyes open for more articles from Peak Veterinary Hospital staff and special guest writers.
Importance of Bloodwork for Pets
By Dr. Grandoni – August 25, 2022
“More is missed by not looking than by not knowing”
I cannot overstate the importance of bloodwork to my clients, ensuring that my patients are doing as well on the inside as they appear to be on the outside. With the development of in clinic labs like the ours here at Peak, we conveniently get results faster than Fido can fetch a stick!
The first discussion on blood work typically happens when our patients come in to be spayed or neutered. While these surgeries are considered routine in day to day practice, for the pet undergoing surgery, their day is anything but routine. Blood work in our juvenile patients screen for congenital abnormalities that can put them at an increased anaesthetic risk.
After their desexing surgeries, the guidelines become less clear on when to perform blood tests. Do we wait until they are in their golden years or when they have visible signs of disease? While I would agree that both of those are great reasons to run a test, we are missing the chance for early intervention and subsequently, potentially better outcomes.
Reference levels used by labs for acceptable ranges in blood parameters come from sampling hundreds of normal animals and compiling the data. There are definitely some pets that lie just outside these ranges and that is their “normal”. If we know this in advance, it definitely helps direct their treatment when they are unwell.
Monitoring trends in blood work also helps direct treatment and stay in front of progressive diseases. It is a proactive management style as opposed to reactive as many disease states are subtle in the early stages and can go unnoticed.
As a veterinarian, I often wish my patients could just tell me where it hurts so I can make them feel better. Until that day comes, running a blood test is the next best thing.
The Preventative Health Philosophy
By Dr. Grandoni & Dr. White – July 18, 2022
Benjamin Franklin famously advised fire-threatened Philadelphians in 1736 that “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” He must have been a veterinarian at heart as this sentiment certainly holds true when it comes to our patient’s health.
For both Dr. White and myself, early detection and intervention is extremely rewarding. The focussed practice of helping our patients stay healthy keeps us in front of the proverbial 8 ball so to speak.
We understand that communication with our clients is key. I think it stems from years of working in emergency centres where the pace is rapid and time is of the essence. Information gleaned from a thorough history, as we listen for changes that warrant attention, can give clues that help select diagnostics, and ultimately, a diagnosis. As a Fear Free Veterinarian, I love that the conversation also allows our patients to acclimatize to the room and our presence before we enter their space.
While I often tell my patients that I am giving them a nose to tail massage, the physical examination is a critical part of preventative medicine that should never be overlooked. We look and feel for subtle changes and discuss what we are seeing so, together with the owner, we can come up with a health plan. From diagnostic testing to managing conditions with lifestyle modification, nutritional changes and medications when needed, it means that our patients benefit from increased quality of life for longer.
For this reason, Dr. White and I believe in biannual preventative health exams for senior pets. Derived from their higher metabolic rate, pets age faster than we do. In order to catch and intervene early, senior pets should have an exam performed every 6 months. This is one of the reasons why Fear Free Practice is so important to the Peak Team. With an increased frequency of hospital visits, we want to take care of the emotional health of a pet while we work on the physical health. It’s a great day when my patients are happy to have a visit with me.
Proof is in the pudding (for me that would be a freshly brewed cup of coffee in my favourite mug). Meet Thea, Dr. White’s “mountain dog” that has no idea she is 13 years of age, chronologically speaking. Biologically speaking, she is an excellent model to the success, or effectiveness of the preventative care mindset. Pets live longer with better quality of life. Now that sounds like an excellent health care plan!
By Dr. Grandoni & Shannon Isaac, RVT – June 7, 2022
Over the last 23 years, I have seen trends come and go in the pet industry, with few gaining traction like creative grooming. Traditionally, cuts have been as much about form and function as they have been
about animal health. While one could argue that creative grooming isn’t exactly functional, it does add to the overall health and well being of the pet in the sense that these pets are dematted, cleaned and clipped along with the dye.
This is where I must pause and dust off the proverbial soapbox and take on a serious tone. Dying the coat of pets requires pet specific dyes made specifically for animals. Going one step further and taking your pampered pup to a groomer familiar with working with dyes ensures a safe outcome while still checking off the boxes of a regular grooming appointment: dematting, hair trims, nail care, etc.
Peak Veterinary Hospital is lucky to have Shannon Isaac, one of our RVTs (nurses) who has a passion for grooming in every sense of the word.
One look at her gorgeous Standard Poodle “Faith” sporting different cuts and colours makes me relook at my faithful companion, an Irish Wolfhound, in colourful new ways.
With her background and knowledge in the area, Shannon was keen to give us the highlights on creative grooming!
What exactly is creative grooming, how do they do it, and is it safe for my pet?
Creative grooming is grooming that deviates from the breed profile grooms, commonly involving artificial colouring, or “dye”. This can be anything from one-wash temporary colours, hair extensions, carving designs, or the extreme side of creative grooming of turning your dog into a lion, zebra, or giraffe, to disguising them to look like a dinosaur!
Colouring animals has been around since the stone age; with horses decorated for war, and dogs painted red on their faces so the enemy would be deceived into thinking it was blood.
The Victorian era took things up a notch with tapestry designs being carved into poodle coats, with artificial colours to accent.
As popularity grew, advancements came in the way of pet-specific products. Pet friendly dyes such as “Opawz” are vegan, cruelty free and safe for use on pets.
Creative grooming has grown into quite a competitive industry, with groomers competing from all over the world in major creative grooming competitions.
While it is certainly not for everyone, creative grooming allows us to express our creative side. When combined with Fear Free Grooming techniques, quality products that are animal specific, and imagination, creative grooming leads to endless possibilities.
Although creative grooming products such as permanent dyes, semi-permanent dyes, chalk, etc. can be acquired by anyone, it is best to let the professionals turn your pet into your creative vision!
**All photographs were posted with permission from the owner’s. All creative grooms were done by professionals using Opawz Pet-Safe products.
Brain Games: helping to alleviate boredom during bed rest
by Dr. Grandoni – May 18, 2022
One of the frequent recommendations I make as part of my patient’s treatment plan is exercise restriction. It sounds easy enough, but oftentimes, it is the hardest part of the discharge plan to follow. My patients don’t actually listen to me past “such a good boy” or “have another treat”, so they do not understand the game plan of rest and recuperation that will lead to their recovery.
The good news is that the daunting task of trying to enforce rest is so much easier today than it was when I entered practice 23 years ago. Back then, we were limited to cage rest and confinement. And while there is still a time and a place for that, the options we have today are a far easier pill to swallow.
The use of medications to aid in recuperation is gaining traction, and many of my clients are already familiar with these options. Trazodone is one such medication that works by increasing levels of the “feel-good” neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain.This effect aids in acceptance of post-surgical confinement or reduction of exercise. In essence, it is the pill that convinces the patient to rest.
As time requirement for medically prescribed rest increases, I take a novel approach to convincing Fido to comply through the use of “brain games”. Boredom busters have the ability to exercise the mind and placate most canine patients to some degree. Starting with a simple “touch” exercise, where Fido has to make contact with their nose to your hand for a reward is a great way to begin for the patient that is extremely limited with mobility. Increasing the level of difficulty from there may be asking Fido to select the hand that a hidden treat is in, or moving to use 3 upside down containers to shuffle one treat in. When mobility is allowed to increase, scent games by hiding treats and teaching them to search for them is a great way to encourage movement in a controlled environment.
More complex dog puzzles and treat balls are now widely available and come in a variety of difficulties, all having the theme of trying to figure out how to get the reward (food). A simple Kong Toy stuffed with canned food encourages chewing and creative pawing which lead to increased serotonin levels in the brain naturally, increasing Fido’s sense of well being. Moving up from there, a plethora of toys that require touch to release the food reward. For the creative bunch, ideas online for DIY puzzles that can be tailored to best suit Fido’s level of activity allowance. As little as 20 minutes of such activities two or three times a day will be of benefit.
While puzzles allow for some degree of independence, your dog should always be supervised while using them. So the next time you need to convince Fido to rest, tap into the mental game to increase the feeling of well-being while skipping the run in the park.